1. About the type of article: This is a general type of article that requires analysis, proof and a comment section.
2. Regarding content: Students base on three works to clarify the following basic points:
– Romantic and realist movements have different ways and contents of reflecting reality, but on their writing pages, talented and dedicated writers all show a deep humanitarian spirit.
– What is the spirit of humanity? It is the love of people, the attitude of respecting people, praising the beauty of human love, and sympathizing with the suffering and unhappy fates.
– In what aspects is the humanitarian spirit expressed?
+ Attitude of respect, praise, belief in the good dignity of human beings (example).
+ Criticize and denounce evil, evil, injustice, the source of suffering and unhappiness (quote).
+ Attitude of tolerance and kindness when recognizing and evaluating people, especially those of low status, having a poor and miserable material life (quote).
3. About presentation: Students can state general issues, generalize and analyze evidence from three works to prove. It is also possible to analyze each work and clarify the humanitarian spirit expressed in it. However, the first method ensures generalization, rigor and avoids duplication.
Since ancient times, humanitarian inspiration and patriotic inspiration have become a major theme throughout literary works. It can be said that along with patriotic inspiration, the humanitarian spirit is the eternal traditional sentiment of poetry as well as of writers. Therefore, regardless of the trend or trend of writing, the humanitarian spirit is still imbued in each work. And when commenting on the humanitarian spirit in prose in the period 1930-1945, there is an opinion that: “whether they are composed according to the romantic or realist movement, the writings of writers are full of talent and heart. blood is imbued with a profound humanitarian spirit”. That is evident in many works, notably The cold wind at the beginning of the season by Thach Lam, Childhood days by Nguyen Hong and The old crane by Nam Cao.
Talking about the spirit of humanity is talking about the relationship between people and people, what is for people, for people, for the good of each person, for the human world community… are all in the humanitarian category. Two great inspirations in the author’s artistic sense are enthusiastic praise and enthusiastic criticism. The spirit of humanity, humanity, and humanity go hand in hand.
From there, we can affirm the humanitarian spirit that permeates every page of talented and dedicated writers. The spirit of humanity is expressed in many different aspects with each author’s own style, but the ultimate goal is still for and for people. In Thach Lam, the romantic and realistic elements combine harmoniously and skillfully, so the short story The cold wind at the beginning of the season like a beautiful lyric poem. Unlike Thach Lam, the work Childhood days As well as a number of works on this huge topic, Nguyen Hong expresses through each page a touching memoir about his own bitter childhood. Whether it’s realistic or romantic, it’s all about people, praising and defending, claiming the right to live for them.
First of all, the author’s humanitarian spirit is expressed through praise and cherishing of precious human qualities. It is the beautiful and traditional feeling of Vietnamese people, the love between father and son, mother and child, brother and neighbour. Despite living in that corrupt and evil semi-feudal colonial society, they still kept their essence.
Everyone has a mother and there is no one in this world who loves their children more than their mother. Mother’s love is a child’s desire, that is the sincere emotional circuit of the writer when directing his pen to people.
Also a child but miserable, little Hong in the memoir chapter In mother’s heart was the result of a loveless marriage and then had to be separated from her mother, living in the estrangement of the family. Hong lives in longing and longing, and her mother, that unfortunate woman, always watches over the silhouettes of two dear children who soon lacked mother’s love. Amidst the scandals and ridicule of her relatives, Hong’s mother is an unfaithful wife who has not yet mourned her husband but has given birth to another person. In contemporary society, it is a felony that “shaving the head with lime” is the most painful torture. But no one understands that woman’s heart, the call of love and her never-beloved heart always urges for a true love. Farewell to her son, but she always thought of him in love and pain. And it is only in her position that I can feel all her love deeply and penetrate the reader’s heart, so that every time I turn the page, I sob with love and sourness. pity.
Not only the deep mother-daughter affection, but also the father-son love is praised and expressed deeply in their works by the authors.
The image of the old crane in the short story The old crane of Nam Cao is a typical example. Although he soon lost his dearest wife, old Hac did not walk anymore because he was afraid that his son would suffer, afraid that he would have to live in the situation of “step mother and son-in-law”. It can be said that in his heart, the image of his son – the only child is a source of joy, a reason for life that he gives him with all his affection. Old Hac is in pain and tormented when he has no money to marry his son, there is nothing more painful than a father looking at his son in despair, but it can’t help but give gentle words of encouragement like the heart songs of an old father. suffering. The heart of old Hac’s father is deeply engraved and expressed most touchingly through the story describing his death. He died for you and for you, because he didn’t want to live to spend all his money on getting married. How pitiful before the old man’s words: “Spending a penny is also spending your money, spending a lot will only kill it”. The old man has died, leaving behind all his possessions and more noble is still the heart of a father who never fails to think of his son.
Besides praising the love between mother and child, father and son, the writers are also very understanding and moved by the filial piety of even very young children. Thinking about children with a child’s heart, or thinking about his own childhood life, Nguyen Hong has very successfully portrayed his affection for Hong’s mother in the chapter. In mother’s heart, living amidst the disparaging and provoking words of her aunt and uncle, but little Hong still kept in her heart the image of her beloved mother, despite everyone’s detractors. The heart of a child when it comes to his mother is a pain, a wound to “laugh in tears”. Laughing but in tears? Or was it just painful laughter that hit her unscrupulous aunt in the face, all the old customs that had made Hong’s mother miserable. And the tears, the bright red blood that gushed out from the prematurely wounded heart is a pain for the mother’s life. At that time, little Hong’s heart seemed to exclaim, screaming in despair: “If the ancient customs that persecuted my mother like a stone, a piece of glass, or a piece of wood, I would grab it, bite it, chew it, and crush it. It’s just broken.” Is love like giving little Hong a boundless strength, or is that strength the strength of a child’s love?
In addition to those family feelings, there are social relationships that the author also praises and cherishes.
Although he is only a boy, Son in The cold wind at the beginning of the season of Thach Lam soon had warm love through a very meaningful act: giving Hien an old cotton shirt. It is a very normal action, a spontaneous love of a child without thinking but just a hint of the heart, seeing you without a shirt, giving it and feeling “warm and happy” in your heart. Son was happy, happy because he had just done a good job and when he saw that Hien was wearing a cotton shirt, Son felt that he was also warmer. It was the warmth of humanity that warmed a cold space when the cold wind of early winter came that Thach Lam discovered and vividly described in his story. That’s the old Hac’s neighborly affection when the fire turns off the lights for the teacher in the work The old crane by Nam Cao. While the society is in turmoil and the relationship between man and man is the relationship between man and wolf, Old Hac still believes in an undying belief in the teacher. Everything he told the teacher, asked the teacher and the teacher was really the most trusted support in his life.
Praising and respecting, admiring and loving, authors such as Nam Cao, Nguyen Hong, and Thach Lam have subtly recorded the good qualities of the people, from a carefree Son boy to a young Hong. unhappiness and above all is the image of an honest, sincere, loving old crane.
Along with praising the qualities of the people and children, the authors also focus their pen on condemning contemporary society and fighting for the right to life for people. The more they sympathize with each character’s life, the more the authors resent the forces that plague their lives.
Through two works The cold wind at the beginning of the season and The old cranewriters Nam Cao and Thach Lam indirectly condemned the society with the contemporary mandarins.
Why is the whole life “head off, dark side, don’t dare to play without a day” but Hien’s mother still suffers, but old Hac still has to die? That is a pressing question, a sharp and powerful denunciation that hits the face of contemporary society. Why do they work without food? Because the mandarins are greedy to extract money, because the taxes are as strict as strangling people in poverty and hunger. I know that the old crane’s death was a case of forced death. If he does live, he will live and die, die slowly, die slowly at the hideous hands of society that has taken away his right to life and that of many others. The two shackles of feudalism and colonialism have defeated many lives like old Hac, like the mother of Hien, starving to death, freezing to death, a death that should have been reserved for mandarins and landowners. Suffering because of poverty, hunger, and mandarin is already humiliating, but not over yet, living under the contemporary semi-feudal colonial society, the people, especially old Hac, Hong’s mother still suffer because of feudal procedures. . Nam Cao and Nguyen Hong have focused on reflecting on its victims, it can be said that each fate like the girl’s lover’s son, then Hong’s mother is a cry for help echoing in the hearts of the authors. . Just because of the marriage and marriage procedures, the old Hac’s son could not marry the person he loved. The bride’s family challenged the wedding too high, his family couldn’t afford it, and in the end, each of them went their separate ways. The girl who loved him, the old Hac’s son, got married to a rich husband that she did not love, and then how did fate push her? Is that her fate, her uncertain future, or is it the mother of Hong later in the work? Childhood days. A marriage without love and then all suffered together, Hong’s father died, and Hong’s mother because “where my parents put me, I sat there” so I had to bury my youth but later “remarried and married. obeying death” has made her live in exile, begging for food, floating in the clouds, the future is just a dark mud. Nguyen Hong has expressed her harsh feelings through the image of Hong who wants to destroy the customs that have exiled her mother.
In short, the prose period 1930-1945, especially three works The cold wind at the beginning of the season, Childhood days, The old crane shows us the noble human spirit of the writers. Whether they are in different trends, realistic or romantic, they all show a great humanitarian spirit with all human lives: being a suffering baby, an unhappy old man, a warm human love in times of crisis. cold wind at the beginning of the season. But the humanitarian spirit of the three works has not yet reached revolutionary humanitarianism. Because the writers only see the characters suffering but pity but have not found a way to liberate them, so the end of the story, whether romantic or realistic, still has a deadlock, Hong still suffers, old Hac must die; but it is a cry for the right to live for people that we respect and cherish in writers. That limitation is also a limitation in the author’s thought and history of an era.
Humanitarian inspiration has been and will be the inspiration for all literary and artistic movements for the sake of humanity, which is the voice of a poet later and forever:
What is more wonderful than that on Earth
Humans live to love each other.
Bạn thấy bài viết Giỏi Văn – Bài văn: Làm rõ nhận định: Dù được sáng tác theo trào lưu lãng mạn hay hiện thực, những trang viết của các nhà văn đầy tài năng và tâm huyết đều thấm đượm ý thức nhân đạo thâm thúy, qua các tác phẩm “Gió lạnh đầu mùa” (Thạch Lam), “Những ngày thơ ấu” (Nguyên Hồng), “Lão Hạc” (Nam Cao) có khắc phục đươc vấn đề bạn tìm hiểu ko?, nếu ko hãy comment góp ý thêm về Giỏi Văn – Bài văn: Làm rõ nhận định: Dù được sáng tác theo trào lưu lãng mạn hay hiện thực, những trang viết của các nhà văn đầy tài năng và tâm huyết đều thấm đượm ý thức nhân đạo thâm thúy, qua các tác phẩm “Gió lạnh đầu mùa” (Thạch Lam), “Những ngày thơ ấu” (Nguyên Hồng), “Lão Hạc” (Nam Cao) bên dưới để hkmobile.vn có thể thay đổi & cải thiện nội dung tốt hơn cho độc giả nhé! Cám ơn bạn đã ghé thăm Website hkmobile.vn
Phân mục: Ngữ Văn
Bạn thấy bài viết Giỏi Văn – Bài văn: Làm rõ nhận định: Dù được sáng tác theo trào lưu lãng mạn hay hiện thực, những trang viết của các nhà văn đầy tài năng và tâm huyết đều thấm đượm tinh thần nhân đạo sâu sắc, qua các tác phẩm “Gió lạnh đầu mùa” (Thạch Lam), “Những ngày thơ ấu” (Nguyên Hồng), “Lão Hạc” (Nam Cao) có khắc phục đươc vấn đề bạn tìm hiểu ko?, nếu ko hãy comment góp ý thêm về Giỏi Văn – Bài văn: Làm rõ nhận định: Dù được sáng tác theo trào lưu lãng mạn hay hiện thực, những trang viết của các nhà văn đầy tài năng và tâm huyết đều thấm đượm tinh thần nhân đạo sâu sắc, qua các tác phẩm “Gió lạnh đầu mùa” (Thạch Lam), “Những ngày thơ ấu” (Nguyên Hồng), “Lão Hạc” (Nam Cao) bên dưới để hkmobile.vn Nghĩacó thể thay đổi & cải thiện nội dung tốt hơn cho các bạn nhé! Cám ơn bạn đã ghé thăm Website: hkmobile.vn của hkmobile.vn
Nhớ để nguồn: Giỏi Văn – Bài văn: Làm rõ nhận định: Dù được sáng tác theo trào lưu lãng mạn hay hiện thực, những trang viết của các nhà văn đầy tài năng và tâm huyết đều thấm đượm tinh thần nhân đạo sâu sắc, qua các tác phẩm “Gió lạnh đầu mùa” (Thạch Lam), “Những ngày thơ ấu” (Nguyên Hồng), “Lão Hạc” (Nam Cao)